view blastem.c @ 989:d70000fdff0b

Implemented IR and undefined bits of info word for address error exception frames
author Michael Pavone <pavone@retrodev.com>
date Wed, 27 Apr 2016 21:39:17 -0700
parents 902c53d9c16f
children 2bc27415565b
line wrap: on
line source
/*
 Copyright 2013 Michael Pavone
 This file is part of BlastEm.
 BlastEm is free software distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 3 or greater. See COPYING for full license text.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#include "68kinst.h"
#include "m68k_core.h"
#include "z80_to_x86.h"
#include "mem.h"
#include "vdp.h"
#include "render.h"
#include "blastem.h"
#include "gdb_remote.h"
#include "gst.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "romdb.h"
#include "terminal.h"
#include "arena.h"

#define BLASTEM_VERSION "0.3.X"

#define MCLKS_NTSC 53693175
#define MCLKS_PAL  53203395

uint32_t MCLKS_PER_68K;
#define MCLKS_PER_YM  7
#define MCLKS_PER_Z80 15
#define MCLKS_PER_PSG (MCLKS_PER_Z80*16)
#define DEFAULT_SYNC_INTERVAL MCLKS_LINE

//TODO: Figure out the exact value for this
#define LINES_NTSC 262
#define LINES_PAL 312

#define MAX_SOUND_CYCLES 100000

#ifdef __ANDROID__
#define FULLSCREEN_DEFAULT 1
#else
#define FULLSCREEN_DEFAULT 0
#endif

uint16_t *cart;
uint16_t *ram;
uint8_t z80_ram[Z80_RAM_BYTES];

int headless = 0;
int exit_after = 0;
int z80_enabled = 1;
int frame_limit = 0;

tern_node * config;

#ifndef MIN
#define MIN(a,b) ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
#endif

#define SMD_HEADER_SIZE 512
#define SMD_MAGIC1 0x03
#define SMD_MAGIC2 0xAA
#define SMD_MAGIC3 0xBB
#define SMD_BLOCK_SIZE 0x4000

int load_smd_rom(long filesize, FILE * f)
{
	uint8_t block[SMD_BLOCK_SIZE];
	filesize -= SMD_HEADER_SIZE;
	fseek(f, SMD_HEADER_SIZE, SEEK_SET);

	uint16_t * dst = cart = malloc(nearest_pow2(filesize));
	int rom_size = filesize;
	while (filesize > 0) {
		fread(block, 1, SMD_BLOCK_SIZE, f);
		for (uint8_t *low = block, *high = (block+SMD_BLOCK_SIZE/2), *end = block+SMD_BLOCK_SIZE; high < end; high++, low++) {
			*(dst++) = *low << 8 | *high;
		}
		filesize -= SMD_BLOCK_SIZE;
	}
	return rom_size;
}

void byteswap_rom(int filesize)
{
	for(unsigned short * cur = cart; cur - cart < filesize/2; ++cur)
	{
		*cur = (*cur >> 8) | (*cur << 8);
	}
}

int load_rom(char * filename)
{
	uint8_t header[10];
	FILE * f = fopen(filename, "rb");
	if (!f) {
		return 0;
	}
	if (sizeof(header) != fread(header, 1, sizeof(header), f)) {
		fatal_error("Error reading from %s\n", filename);
	}
	fseek(f, 0, SEEK_END);
	long filesize = ftell(f);
	fseek(f, 0, SEEK_SET);
	if (header[1] == SMD_MAGIC1 && header[8] == SMD_MAGIC2 && header[9] == SMD_MAGIC3) {
		int i;
		for (i = 3; i < 8; i++) {
			if (header[i] != 0) {
				break;
			}
		}
		if (i == 8) {
			if (header[2]) {
				fatal_error("%s is a split SMD ROM which is not currently supported", filename);
			}
			return load_smd_rom(filesize, f);
		}
	}
	cart = malloc(nearest_pow2(filesize));
	if (filesize != fread(cart, 1, filesize, f)) {
		fatal_error("Error reading from %s\n", filename);
	}
	fclose(f);
	return filesize;
}

uint16_t read_dma_value(uint32_t address)
{
	//addresses here are word addresses (i.e. bit 0 corresponds to A1), so no need to do div by 2
	if (address < 0x200000) {
		return cart[address];
	} else if(address >= 0x700000) {
		return ram[address & 0x7FFF];
	} else {
		uint16_t *ptr = get_native_pointer(address*2, (void **)genesis->m68k->mem_pointers, &genesis->m68k->options->gen);
		if (ptr) {
			return *ptr;
		}
	}
	//TODO: Figure out what happens when you try to DMA from weird adresses like IO or banked Z80 area
	return 0;
}

uint16_t get_open_bus_value()
{
	return read_dma_value(genesis->m68k->last_prefetch_address/2);
}

void adjust_int_cycle(m68k_context * context, vdp_context * v_context)
{
	//static int old_int_cycle = CYCLE_NEVER;
	genesis_context *gen = context->system;
	if (context->sync_cycle - context->current_cycle > gen->max_cycles) {
		context->sync_cycle = context->current_cycle + gen->max_cycles;
	}
	context->int_cycle = CYCLE_NEVER;
	if ((context->status & 0x7) < 6) {
		uint32_t next_vint = vdp_next_vint(v_context);
		if (next_vint != CYCLE_NEVER) {
			context->int_cycle = next_vint;
			context->int_num = 6;
		}
		if ((context->status & 0x7) < 4) {
			uint32_t next_hint = vdp_next_hint(v_context);
			if (next_hint != CYCLE_NEVER) {
				if (next_hint < context->int_cycle) {
					context->int_cycle = next_hint;
					context->int_num = 4;

				}
			}
		}
	}
	if (context->int_cycle > context->current_cycle) {
		context->int_pending = 0;
	}
	/*if (context->int_cycle != old_int_cycle) {
		printf("int cycle changed to: %d, level: %d @ %d(%d), frame: %d, vcounter: %d, hslot: %d, mask: %d, hint_counter: %d\n", context->int_cycle, context->int_num, v_context->cycles, context->current_cycle, v_context->frame, v_context->vcounter, v_context->hslot, context->status & 0x7, v_context->hint_counter);
		old_int_cycle = context->int_cycle;
	}*/

	context->target_cycle = context->int_cycle < context->sync_cycle ? context->int_cycle : context->sync_cycle;
	if (context->should_return) {
		context->target_cycle = context->current_cycle;
	} else if (context->target_cycle < context->current_cycle) {
		//Changes to SR can result in an interrupt cycle that's in the past
		//This can cause issues with the implementation of STOP though
		context->target_cycle = context->current_cycle;
	}
	/*printf("Cyc: %d, Trgt: %d, Int Cyc: %d, Int: %d, Mask: %X, V: %d, H: %d, HICount: %d, HReg: %d, Line: %d\n",
		context->current_cycle, context->target_cycle, context->int_cycle, context->int_num, (context->status & 0x7),
		v_context->regs[REG_MODE_2] & 0x20, v_context->regs[REG_MODE_1] & 0x10, v_context->hint_counter, v_context->regs[REG_HINT], v_context->cycles / MCLKS_LINE);*/
}

int break_on_sync = 0;
char *save_state_path;

//#define DO_DEBUG_PRINT
#ifdef DO_DEBUG_PRINT
#define dprintf printf
#define dputs puts
#else
#define dprintf
#define dputs
#endif

#define Z80_VINT_DURATION 128

void z80_next_int_pulse(z80_context * z_context)
{
		genesis_context * gen = z_context->system;
	z_context->int_pulse_start = vdp_next_vint_z80(gen->vdp);
	z_context->int_pulse_end = z_context->int_pulse_start + Z80_VINT_DURATION * MCLKS_PER_Z80;
			}

void sync_z80(z80_context * z_context, uint32_t mclks)
{
#ifndef NO_Z80
	if (z80_enabled) {
		z80_run(z_context, mclks);
	} else
#endif
	{
		z_context->current_cycle = mclks;
	}
}

void sync_sound(genesis_context * gen, uint32_t target)
{
	//printf("YM | Cycle: %d, bpos: %d, PSG | Cycle: %d, bpos: %d\n", gen->ym->current_cycle, gen->ym->buffer_pos, gen->psg->cycles, gen->psg->buffer_pos * 2);
	while (target > gen->psg->cycles && target - gen->psg->cycles > MAX_SOUND_CYCLES) {
		uint32_t cur_target = gen->psg->cycles + MAX_SOUND_CYCLES;
		//printf("Running PSG to cycle %d\n", cur_target);
		psg_run(gen->psg, cur_target);
		//printf("Running YM-2612 to cycle %d\n", cur_target);
		ym_run(gen->ym, cur_target);
	}
	psg_run(gen->psg, target);
	ym_run(gen->ym, target);

	//printf("Target: %d, YM bufferpos: %d, PSG bufferpos: %d\n", target, gen->ym->buffer_pos, gen->psg->buffer_pos * 2);
}

uint32_t last_frame_num;

//My refresh emulation isn't currently good enough and causes more problems than it solves
#ifdef REFRESH_EMULATION
#define REFRESH_INTERVAL 128
#define REFRESH_DELAY 2
uint32_t last_sync_cycle;
uint32_t refresh_counter;
#endif

m68k_context * sync_components(m68k_context * context, uint32_t address)
{
	genesis_context * gen = context->system;
	vdp_context * v_context = gen->vdp;
	z80_context * z_context = gen->z80;
#ifdef REFRESH_EMULATION
	//lame estimation of refresh cycle delay
	if (!gen->bus_busy) {
		refresh_counter += context->current_cycle - last_sync_cycle;
		context->current_cycle += REFRESH_DELAY * MCLKS_PER_68K * (refresh_counter / (MCLKS_PER_68K * REFRESH_INTERVAL));
		refresh_counter = refresh_counter % (MCLKS_PER_68K * REFRESH_INTERVAL);
	}
#endif

	uint32_t mclks = context->current_cycle;
	sync_z80(z_context, mclks);
	sync_sound(gen, mclks);
	vdp_run_context(v_context, mclks);
	if (v_context->frame != last_frame_num) {
		//printf("reached frame end %d | MCLK Cycles: %d, Target: %d, VDP cycles: %d, vcounter: %d, hslot: %d\n", last_frame_num, mclks, gen->frame_end, v_context->cycles, v_context->vcounter, v_context->hslot);
		last_frame_num = v_context->frame;

		if (!headless) {
			break_on_sync |= wait_render_frame(v_context, frame_limit);
		} else if(exit_after){
			--exit_after;
			if (!exit_after) {
				exit(0);
			}
		}

		vdp_adjust_cycles(v_context, mclks);
		io_adjust_cycles(gen->ports, context->current_cycle, mclks);
		io_adjust_cycles(gen->ports+1, context->current_cycle, mclks);
		io_adjust_cycles(gen->ports+2, context->current_cycle, mclks);
		context->current_cycle -= mclks;
		z80_adjust_cycles(z_context, mclks);
		gen->ym->current_cycle -= mclks;
		gen->psg->cycles -= mclks;
		if (gen->ym->write_cycle != CYCLE_NEVER) {
			gen->ym->write_cycle = gen->ym->write_cycle >= mclks ? gen->ym->write_cycle - mclks : 0;
		}
	}
	gen->frame_end = vdp_cycles_to_frame_end(v_context);
	context->sync_cycle = gen->frame_end;
	//printf("Set sync cycle to: %d @ %d, vcounter: %d, hslot: %d\n", context->sync_cycle, context->current_cycle, v_context->vcounter, v_context->hslot);
	if (context->int_ack) {
		//printf("acknowledging %d @ %d:%d, vcounter: %d, hslot: %d\n", context->int_ack, context->current_cycle, v_context->cycles, v_context->vcounter, v_context->hslot);
		vdp_int_ack(v_context);
		context->int_ack = 0;
	}
	if (!address && (break_on_sync || gen->save_state)) {
		context->sync_cycle = context->current_cycle + 1;
	}
	adjust_int_cycle(context, v_context);
	if (address) {
		if (break_on_sync) {
			break_on_sync = 0;
			debugger(context, address);
		}
		if (gen->save_state && (z_context->pc || (!z_context->reset && !z_context->busreq))) {
			uint8_t slot = gen->save_state - 1;
			gen->save_state = 0;
			//advance Z80 core to the start of an instruction
			while (!z_context->pc)
			{
				sync_z80(z_context, z_context->current_cycle + MCLKS_PER_Z80);
			}
			char *save_path;
			if (slot == QUICK_SAVE_SLOT) {
				save_path = save_state_path;
			} else {
				char slotname[] = "slot_0.gst";
				slotname[5] = '0' + slot;
				char const *parts[] = {gen->save_dir, "/", slotname};
				save_path = alloc_concat_m(3, parts);
			}
			save_gst(gen, save_path, address);
			printf("Saved state to %s\n", save_path);
			if (slot != QUICK_SAVE_SLOT) {
				free(save_path);
			}
		} else if(gen->save_state) {
			context->sync_cycle = context->current_cycle + 1;
		}
	}
#ifdef REFRESH_EMULATION
	last_sync_cycle = context->current_cycle;
#endif
	return context;
}

m68k_context * vdp_port_write(uint32_t vdp_port, m68k_context * context, uint16_t value)
{
	if (vdp_port & 0x2700E0) {
		fatal_error("machine freeze due to write to address %X\n", 0xC00000 | vdp_port);
	}
	vdp_port &= 0x1F;
	//printf("vdp_port write: %X, value: %X, cycle: %d\n", vdp_port, value, context->current_cycle);
	sync_components(context, 0);
	genesis_context * gen = context->system;
	vdp_context *v_context = gen->vdp;
	if (vdp_port < 0x10) {
		int blocked;
		uint32_t before_cycle = v_context->cycles;
		if (vdp_port < 4) {

			while (vdp_data_port_write(v_context, value) < 0) {
				while(v_context->flags & FLAG_DMA_RUN) {
					vdp_run_dma_done(v_context, gen->frame_end);
					if (v_context->cycles >= gen->frame_end) {
						context->current_cycle = v_context->cycles;
						gen->bus_busy = 1;
						sync_components(context, 0);
						gen->bus_busy = 0;
					}
				}
				//context->current_cycle = v_context->cycles;
			}
		} else if(vdp_port < 8) {
			blocked = vdp_control_port_write(v_context, value);
			if (blocked) {
				while (blocked) {
					while(v_context->flags & FLAG_DMA_RUN) {
						vdp_run_dma_done(v_context, gen->frame_end);
						if (v_context->cycles >= gen->frame_end) {
							context->current_cycle = v_context->cycles;
							gen->bus_busy = 1;
							sync_components(context, 0);
							gen->bus_busy = 0;
						}
					}
					if (blocked < 0) {
						blocked = vdp_control_port_write(v_context, value);
					} else {
						blocked = 0;
					}
				}
			} else {
				context->sync_cycle = gen->frame_end = vdp_cycles_to_frame_end(v_context);
				//printf("Set sync cycle to: %d @ %d, vcounter: %d, hslot: %d\n", context->sync_cycle, context->current_cycle, v_context->vcounter, v_context->hslot);
				adjust_int_cycle(context, v_context);
			}
		} else {
			fatal_error("Illegal write to HV Counter port %X\n", vdp_port);
		}
		if (v_context->cycles != before_cycle) {
			//printf("68K paused for %d (%d) cycles at cycle %d (%d) for write\n", v_context->cycles - context->current_cycle, v_context->cycles - before_cycle, context->current_cycle, before_cycle);
			context->current_cycle = v_context->cycles;
#ifdef REFRESH_EMULATION
			last_sync_cycle = context->current_cycle;
#endif
			//Lock the Z80 out of the bus until the VDP access is complete
			gen->bus_busy = 1;
			sync_z80(gen->z80, v_context->cycles);
			gen->bus_busy = 0;
		}
	} else if (vdp_port < 0x18) {
		psg_write(gen->psg, value);
	} else {
		//TODO: Implement undocumented test register(s)
	}
	return context;
}

m68k_context * vdp_port_write_b(uint32_t vdp_port, m68k_context * context, uint8_t value)
{
	return vdp_port_write(vdp_port, context, vdp_port < 0x10 ? value | value << 8 : ((vdp_port & 1) ? value : 0));
}

void * z80_vdp_port_write(uint32_t vdp_port, void * vcontext, uint8_t value)
{
	z80_context * context = vcontext;
	genesis_context * gen = context->system;
	vdp_port &= 0xFF;
	if (vdp_port & 0xE0) {
		fatal_error("machine freeze due to write to Z80 address %X\n", 0x7F00 | vdp_port);
	}
	if (vdp_port < 0x10) {
		//These probably won't currently interact well with the 68K accessing the VDP
		vdp_run_context(gen->vdp, context->current_cycle);
		if (vdp_port < 4) {
			vdp_data_port_write(gen->vdp, value << 8 | value);
		} else if (vdp_port < 8) {
			vdp_control_port_write(gen->vdp, value << 8 | value);
		} else {
			fatal_error("Illegal write to HV Counter port %X\n", vdp_port);
		}
	} else if (vdp_port < 0x18) {
		sync_sound(gen, context->current_cycle);
		psg_write(gen->psg, value);
	} else {
		vdp_test_port_write(gen->vdp, value);
	}
	return context;
}

uint16_t vdp_port_read(uint32_t vdp_port, m68k_context * context)
{
	if (vdp_port & 0x2700E0) {
		fatal_error("machine freeze due to read from address %X\n", 0xC00000 | vdp_port);
	}
	vdp_port &= 0x1F;
	uint16_t value;
	sync_components(context, 0);
	genesis_context *gen = context->system;
	vdp_context * v_context = gen->vdp;
	uint32_t before_cycle = v_context->cycles;
	if (vdp_port < 0x10) {
		if (vdp_port < 4) {
			value = vdp_data_port_read(v_context);
		} else if(vdp_port < 8) {
			value = vdp_control_port_read(v_context);
		} else {
			value = vdp_hv_counter_read(v_context);
			//printf("HV Counter: %X at cycle %d\n", value, v_context->cycles);
		}
	} else if (vdp_port < 0x18){
		fatal_error("Illegal read from PSG  port %X\n", vdp_port);
	} else {
		value = vdp_test_port_read(v_context);
	}
	if (v_context->cycles != before_cycle) {
		//printf("68K paused for %d (%d) cycles at cycle %d (%d) for read\n", v_context->cycles - context->current_cycle, v_context->cycles - before_cycle, context->current_cycle, before_cycle);
		context->current_cycle = v_context->cycles;
#ifdef REFRES_EMULATION
		last_sync_cycle = context->current_cycle;
#endif
		//Lock the Z80 out of the bus until the VDP access is complete
		genesis_context *gen = context->system;
		gen->bus_busy = 1;
		sync_z80(gen->z80, v_context->cycles);
		gen->bus_busy = 0;
	}
	return value;
}

uint8_t vdp_port_read_b(uint32_t vdp_port, m68k_context * context)
{
	uint16_t value = vdp_port_read(vdp_port, context);
	if (vdp_port & 1) {
		return value;
	} else {
		return value >> 8;
	}
}

uint8_t z80_vdp_port_read(uint32_t vdp_port, void * vcontext)
{
	z80_context * context = vcontext;
	if (vdp_port & 0xE0) {
		fatal_error("machine freeze due to read from Z80 address %X\n", 0x7F00 | vdp_port);
	}
	genesis_context * gen = context->system;
	//VDP access goes over the 68K bus like a bank area access
	//typical delay from bus arbitration
	context->current_cycle += 3 * MCLKS_PER_Z80;
	//TODO: add cycle for an access right after a previous one
	//TODO: Below cycle time is an estimate based on the time between 68K !BG goes low and Z80 !MREQ goes high
	//      Needs a new logic analyzer capture to get the actual delay on the 68K side
	gen->m68k->current_cycle += 8 * MCLKS_PER_68K;


	vdp_port &= 0x1F;
	uint16_t ret;
	if (vdp_port < 0x10) {
		//These probably won't currently interact well with the 68K accessing the VDP
		vdp_run_context(gen->vdp, context->current_cycle);
		if (vdp_port < 4) {
			ret = vdp_data_port_read(gen->vdp);
		} else if (vdp_port < 8) {
			ret = vdp_control_port_read(gen->vdp);
		} else {
			fatal_error("Illegal write to HV Counter port %X\n", vdp_port);
		}
	} else {
		//TODO: Figure out the correct value today
		ret = 0xFFFF;
	}
	return vdp_port & 1 ? ret : ret >> 8;
}

uint32_t zram_counter = 0;

m68k_context * io_write(uint32_t location, m68k_context * context, uint8_t value)
{
	genesis_context * gen = context->system;
	if (location < 0x10000) {
		//Access to Z80 memory incurs a one 68K cycle wait state
		context->current_cycle += MCLKS_PER_68K;
		if (!z80_enabled || z80_get_busack(gen->z80, context->current_cycle)) {
			location &= 0x7FFF;
			if (location < 0x4000) {
				z80_ram[location & 0x1FFF] = value;
#ifndef NO_Z80
				z80_handle_code_write(location & 0x1FFF, gen->z80);
#endif
			} else if (location < 0x6000) {
				sync_sound(gen, context->current_cycle);
				if (location & 1) {
					ym_data_write(gen->ym, value);
				} else if(location & 2) {
					ym_address_write_part2(gen->ym, value);
				} else {
					ym_address_write_part1(gen->ym, value);
				}
			} else if (location == 0x6000) {
				gen->z80->bank_reg = (gen->z80->bank_reg >> 1 | value << 8) & 0x1FF;
				if (gen->z80->bank_reg < 0x80) {
					gen->z80->mem_pointers[1] = (gen->z80->bank_reg << 15) + ((char *)gen->z80->mem_pointers[2]);
				} else {
					gen->z80->mem_pointers[1] = NULL;
				}
			} else {
				fatal_error("68K write to unhandled Z80 address %X\n", location);
			}
		}
	} else {
		location &= 0x1FFF;
		if (location < 0x100) {
			switch(location/2)
			{
			case 0x1:
				io_data_write(gen->ports, value, context->current_cycle);
				break;
			case 0x2:
				io_data_write(gen->ports+1, value, context->current_cycle);
				break;
			case 0x3:
				io_data_write(gen->ports+2, value, context->current_cycle);
				break;
			case 0x4:
				gen->ports[0].control = value;
				break;
			case 0x5:
				gen->ports[1].control = value;
				break;
			case 0x6:
				gen->ports[2].control = value;
				break;
			}
		} else {
			if (location == 0x1100) {
				if (value & 1) {
					dputs("bus requesting Z80");
					if (z80_enabled) {
						z80_assert_busreq(gen->z80, context->current_cycle);
					} else {
						gen->z80->busack = 1;
					}
				} else {
					if (gen->z80->busreq) {
						dputs("releasing z80 bus");
						#ifdef DO_DEBUG_PRINT
						char fname[20];
						sprintf(fname, "zram-%d", zram_counter++);
						FILE * f = fopen(fname, "wb");
						fwrite(z80_ram, 1, sizeof(z80_ram), f);
						fclose(f);
						#endif
					}
					if (z80_enabled) {
						z80_clear_busreq(gen->z80, context->current_cycle);
					} else {
						gen->z80->busack = 0;
					}
				}
			} else if (location == 0x1200) {
				sync_z80(gen->z80, context->current_cycle);
				if (value & 1) {
					if (z80_enabled) {
						z80_clear_reset(gen->z80, context->current_cycle);
					} else {
						gen->z80->reset = 0;
					}
				} else {
					if (z80_enabled) {
						z80_assert_reset(gen->z80, context->current_cycle);
					} else {
						gen->z80->reset = 1;
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}
	return context;
}

m68k_context * io_write_w(uint32_t location, m68k_context * context, uint16_t value)
{
	if (location < 0x10000 || (location & 0x1FFF) >= 0x100) {
		return io_write(location, context, value >> 8);
	} else {
		return io_write(location, context, value);
	}
}

#define USA 0x80
#define JAP 0x00
#define EUR 0xC0
#define NO_DISK 0x20
uint8_t version_reg = NO_DISK | USA;

uint8_t io_read(uint32_t location, m68k_context * context)
{
	uint8_t value;
	genesis_context *gen = context->system;
	if (location < 0x10000) {
		//Access to Z80 memory incurs a one 68K cycle wait state
		context->current_cycle += MCLKS_PER_68K;
		if (!z80_enabled || z80_get_busack(gen->z80, context->current_cycle)) {
			location &= 0x7FFF;
			if (location < 0x4000) {
				value = z80_ram[location & 0x1FFF];
			} else if (location < 0x6000) {
				sync_sound(gen, context->current_cycle);
				value = ym_read_status(gen->ym);
			} else {
				value = 0xFF;
			}
		} else {
			value = 0xFF;
		}
	} else {
		location &= 0x1FFF;
		if (location < 0x100) {
			switch(location/2)
			{
			case 0x0:
				//version bits should be 0 for now since we're not emulating TMSS
				value = version_reg;
				break;
			case 0x1:
				value = io_data_read(gen->ports, context->current_cycle);
				break;
			case 0x2:
				value = io_data_read(gen->ports+1, context->current_cycle);
				break;
			case 0x3:
				value = io_data_read(gen->ports+2, context->current_cycle);
				break;
			case 0x4:
				value = gen->ports[0].control;
				break;
			case 0x5:
				value = gen->ports[1].control;
				break;
			case 0x6:
				value = gen->ports[2].control;
				break;
			default:
				value = 0xFF;
			}
		} else {
			if (location == 0x1100) {
				value = z80_enabled ? !z80_get_busack(gen->z80, context->current_cycle) : !gen->z80->busack;
				value |= (get_open_bus_value() >> 8) & 0xFE;
				dprintf("Byte read of BUSREQ returned %d @ %d (reset: %d)\n", value, context->current_cycle, gen->z80->reset);
			} else if (location == 0x1200) {
				value = !gen->z80->reset;
			} else {
				value = 0xFF;
				printf("Byte read of unknown IO location: %X\n", location);
			}
		}
	}
	return value;
}

uint16_t io_read_w(uint32_t location, m68k_context * context)
{
	uint16_t value = io_read(location, context);
	if (location < 0x10000 || (location & 0x1FFF) < 0x100) {
		value = value | (value << 8);
	} else {
		value <<= 8;
		value |= get_open_bus_value() & 0xFF;
	}
	return value;
}

void * z80_write_ym(uint32_t location, void * vcontext, uint8_t value)
{
	z80_context * context = vcontext;
	genesis_context * gen = context->system;
	sync_sound(gen, context->current_cycle);
	if (location & 1) {
		ym_data_write(gen->ym, value);
	} else if (location & 2) {
		ym_address_write_part2(gen->ym, value);
	} else {
		ym_address_write_part1(gen->ym, value);
	}
	return context;
}

uint8_t z80_read_ym(uint32_t location, void * vcontext)
{
	z80_context * context = vcontext;
	genesis_context * gen = context->system;
	sync_sound(gen, context->current_cycle);
	return ym_read_status(gen->ym);
}

uint8_t z80_read_bank(uint32_t location, void * vcontext)
{
	z80_context * context = vcontext;
	genesis_context *gen = context->system;
	if (gen->bus_busy) {
		context->current_cycle = context->sync_cycle;
	}
	//typical delay from bus arbitration
	context->current_cycle += 3 * MCLKS_PER_Z80;
	//TODO: add cycle for an access right after a previous one
	//TODO: Below cycle time is an estimate based on the time between 68K !BG goes low and Z80 !MREQ goes high
	//      Needs a new logic analyzer capture to get the actual delay on the 68K side
	gen->m68k->current_cycle += 8 * MCLKS_PER_68K;

	location &= 0x7FFF;
	if (context->mem_pointers[1]) {
		return context->mem_pointers[1][location ^ 1];
	}
	uint32_t address = context->bank_reg << 15 | location;
	if (address >= 0xC00000 && address < 0xE00000) {
		return z80_vdp_port_read(location & 0xFF, context);
	} else {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unhandled read by Z80 from address %X through banked memory area (%X)\n", address, context->bank_reg << 15);
	}
	return 0;
}

void *z80_write_bank(uint32_t location, void * vcontext, uint8_t value)
{
	z80_context * context = vcontext;
	genesis_context *gen = context->system;
	if (gen->bus_busy) {
		context->current_cycle = context->sync_cycle;
	}
	//typical delay from bus arbitration
	context->current_cycle += 3 * MCLKS_PER_Z80;
	//TODO: add cycle for an access right after a previous one
	//TODO: Below cycle time is an estimate based on the time between 68K !BG goes low and Z80 !MREQ goes high
	//      Needs a new logic analyzer capture to get the actual delay on the 68K side
	gen->m68k->current_cycle += 8 * MCLKS_PER_68K;

	location &= 0x7FFF;
	uint32_t address = context->bank_reg << 15 | location;
	if (address >= 0xE00000) {
		address &= 0xFFFF;
		((uint8_t *)ram)[address ^ 1] = value;
	} else if (address >= 0xC00000) {
		z80_vdp_port_write(location & 0xFF, context, value);
	} else {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unhandled write by Z80 to address %X through banked memory area\n", address);
	}
	return context;
}

void *z80_write_bank_reg(uint32_t location, void * vcontext, uint8_t value)
{
	z80_context * context = vcontext;

	context->bank_reg = (context->bank_reg >> 1 | value << 8) & 0x1FF;
	if (context->bank_reg < 0x100) {
		genesis_context *gen = context->system;
		context->mem_pointers[1] = get_native_pointer(context->bank_reg << 15, (void **)gen->m68k->mem_pointers, &gen->m68k->options->gen);
	} else {
		context->mem_pointers[1] = NULL;
	}

	return context;
}

void set_speed_percent(genesis_context * context, uint32_t percent)
{
	uint32_t old_clock = context->master_clock;
	context->master_clock = ((uint64_t)context->normal_clock * (uint64_t)percent) / 100;
	while (context->ym->current_cycle != context->psg->cycles) {
		sync_sound(context, context->psg->cycles + MCLKS_PER_PSG);
}
	ym_adjust_master_clock(context->ym, context->master_clock);
	psg_adjust_master_clock(context->psg, context->master_clock);
}

char * save_filename;
genesis_context *genesis;
genesis_context *menu_context;
genesis_context *game_context;
void persist_save()
{
	FILE * f = fopen(save_filename, "wb");
	if (!f) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open %s file %s for writing\n", genesis->save_type == SAVE_I2C ? "EEPROM" : "SRAM", save_filename);
		return;
	}
	fwrite(genesis->save_storage, 1, genesis->save_size, f);
	fclose(f);
	printf("Saved %s to %s\n", genesis->save_type == SAVE_I2C ? "EEPROM" : "SRAM", save_filename);
}

#ifndef NO_Z80
const memmap_chunk z80_map[] = {
	{ 0x0000, 0x4000,  0x1FFF, 0, MMAP_READ | MMAP_WRITE | MMAP_CODE, z80_ram, NULL, NULL, NULL,              NULL },
	{ 0x8000, 0x10000, 0x7FFF, 0, 0,                                  NULL,    NULL, NULL, z80_read_bank,     z80_write_bank},
	{ 0x4000, 0x6000,  0x0003, 0, 0,                                  NULL,    NULL, NULL, z80_read_ym,       z80_write_ym},
	{ 0x6000, 0x6100,  0xFFFF, 0, 0,                                  NULL,    NULL, NULL, NULL,              z80_write_bank_reg},
	{ 0x7F00, 0x8000,  0x00FF, 0, 0,                                  NULL,    NULL, NULL, z80_vdp_port_read, z80_vdp_port_write}
};
#endif

genesis_context *alloc_init_genesis(rom_info *rom, int fps, uint32_t ym_opts)
{
	genesis_context *gen = calloc(1, sizeof(genesis_context));
	gen->master_clock = gen->normal_clock = fps == 60 ? MCLKS_NTSC : MCLKS_PAL;

	gen->vdp = malloc(sizeof(vdp_context));
	init_vdp_context(gen->vdp, version_reg & 0x40);
	gen->frame_end = vdp_cycles_to_frame_end(gen->vdp);
	char * config_cycles = tern_find_path(config, "clocks\0max_cycles\0").ptrval;
	gen->max_cycles = config_cycles ? atoi(config_cycles) : DEFAULT_SYNC_INTERVAL;

	gen->ym = malloc(sizeof(ym2612_context));
	ym_init(gen->ym, render_sample_rate(), gen->master_clock, MCLKS_PER_YM, render_audio_buffer(), ym_opts);

	gen->psg = malloc(sizeof(psg_context));
	psg_init(gen->psg, render_sample_rate(), gen->master_clock, MCLKS_PER_PSG, render_audio_buffer());

	gen->z80 = calloc(1, sizeof(z80_context));
#ifndef NO_Z80
	z80_options *z_opts = malloc(sizeof(z80_options));
	init_z80_opts(z_opts, z80_map, 5, NULL, 0, MCLKS_PER_Z80);
	init_z80_context(gen->z80, z_opts);
	z80_assert_reset(gen->z80, 0);
#endif

	gen->z80->system = gen;
	gen->z80->mem_pointers[0] = z80_ram;
	gen->z80->mem_pointers[1] = gen->z80->mem_pointers[2] = (uint8_t *)cart;

	gen->cart = cart;
	gen->work_ram = ram;
	gen->zram = z80_ram;
	setup_io_devices(config, rom, gen);

	gen->save_type = rom->save_type;
	gen->save_type = rom->save_type;
	if (gen->save_type != SAVE_NONE) {
		gen->save_ram_mask = rom->save_mask;
		gen->save_size = rom->save_size;
		gen->save_storage = rom->save_buffer;
		gen->eeprom_map = rom->eeprom_map;
		gen->num_eeprom = rom->num_eeprom;
		if (gen->save_type == SAVE_I2C) {
			eeprom_init(&gen->eeprom, gen->save_storage, gen->save_size);
		}
	} else {
		gen->save_storage = NULL;
	}

	m68k_options *opts = malloc(sizeof(m68k_options));
	init_m68k_opts(opts, rom->map, rom->map_chunks, MCLKS_PER_68K);
	//TODO: make this configurable
	opts->gen.flags |= M68K_OPT_BROKEN_READ_MODIFY;
	gen->m68k = init_68k_context(opts);
	gen->m68k->system = gen;

	for (int i = 0; i < rom->map_chunks; i++)
	{
		if (rom->map[i].flags & MMAP_PTR_IDX) {
			gen->m68k->mem_pointers[rom->map[i].ptr_index] = rom->map[i].buffer;
		}
	}

	return gen;
}

void free_genesis(genesis_context *gen)
{
	vdp_free(gen->vdp);
	m68k_options_free(gen->m68k->options);
	free(gen->m68k);
	z80_options_free(gen->z80->options);
	free(gen->z80);
	ym_free(gen->ym);
	psg_free(gen->psg);
	free(gen->save_storage);
	free(gen->save_dir);
}

void start_genesis(genesis_context *gen, char *statefile, uint8_t *debugger)
{

	if (statefile) {
		uint32_t pc = load_gst(gen, statefile);
		if (!pc) {
			fatal_error("Failed to load save state %s\n", statefile);
		}
		printf("Loaded %s\n", statefile);
		if (debugger) {
			insert_breakpoint(gen->m68k, pc, debugger);
		}
		adjust_int_cycle(gen->m68k, gen->vdp);
		start_68k_context(gen->m68k, pc);
	} else {
		if (debugger) {
			uint32_t address = cart[2] << 16 | cart[3];
			insert_breakpoint(gen->m68k, address, debugger);
		}
		m68k_reset(gen->m68k);
	}
}

char *title;

void update_title(char *rom_name)
{
	if (title) {
		free(title);
		title = NULL;
	}
	title = alloc_concat(rom_name, " - BlastEm");
	render_update_caption(title);
}

void set_region(rom_info *info, uint8_t region)
{
	if (!region) {
		char * def_region = tern_find_ptr(config, "default_region");
		if (def_region && (!info->regions || (info->regions & translate_region_char(toupper(*def_region))))) {
			region = translate_region_char(toupper(*def_region));
		} else {
			region = info->regions;
		}
	}
	if (region & REGION_E) {
		version_reg = NO_DISK | EUR;
	} else if (region & REGION_J) {
		version_reg = NO_DISK | JAP;
	} else {
		version_reg = NO_DISK | USA;
	}
}

void setup_saves(char *fname, rom_info *info, genesis_context *context)
{
	char * barename = basename_no_extension(fname);
	char const * parts[3] = {get_save_dir(), "/", barename};
	char *save_dir = alloc_concat_m(3, parts);
	if (!ensure_dir_exists(save_dir)) {
		warning("Failed to create save directory %s\n", save_dir);
	}
	parts[0] = save_dir;
	parts[2] = info->save_type == SAVE_I2C ? "save.eeprom" : "save.sram";
	free(save_filename);
	save_filename = alloc_concat_m(3, parts);
	parts[2] = "quicksave.gst";
	free(save_state_path);
	save_state_path = alloc_concat_m(3, parts);
	context->save_dir = save_dir;
	free(barename);
	if (info->save_type != SAVE_NONE) {
		FILE * f = fopen(save_filename, "rb");
		if (f) {
			uint32_t read = fread(context->save_storage, 1, info->save_size, f);
			fclose(f);
			if (read > 0) {
				printf("Loaded %s from %s\n", info->save_type == SAVE_I2C ? "EEPROM" : "SRAM", save_filename);
			}
		}
		atexit(persist_save);
	}
}

int main(int argc, char ** argv)
{
	set_exe_str(argv[0]);
	config = load_config();
	int width = -1;
	int height = -1;
	int debug = 0;
	int ym_log = 0;
	int loaded = 0;
	uint8_t force_version = 0;
	char * romfname = NULL;
	FILE *address_log = NULL;
	char * statefile = NULL;
	int rom_size;
	uint8_t * debuggerfun = NULL;
	uint8_t fullscreen = FULLSCREEN_DEFAULT, use_gl = 1;
	uint8_t debug_target = 0;
	for (int i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
		if (argv[i][0] == '-') {
			switch(argv[i][1]) {
			case 'b':
				i++;
				if (i >= argc) {
					fatal_error("-b must be followed by a frame count\n");
				}
				headless = 1;
				exit_after = atoi(argv[i]);
				break;
			case 'd':
				debuggerfun = (uint8_t *)debugger;
				//allow debugging the menu
				if (argv[i][2] == 'm') {
					debug_target = 1;
				}
				break;
			case 'D':
				gdb_remote_init();
				debuggerfun = (uint8_t *)gdb_debug_enter;
				break;
			case 'f':
				fullscreen = !fullscreen;
				break;
			case 'g':
				use_gl = 0;
				break;
			case 'l':
				address_log = fopen("address.log", "w");
				break;
			case 'v':
				info_message("blastem %s\n", BLASTEM_VERSION);
				return 0;
				break;
			case 'n':
				z80_enabled = 0;
				break;
			case 'r':
				i++;
				if (i >= argc) {
					fatal_error("-r must be followed by region (J, U or E)\n");
				}
				force_version = translate_region_char(toupper(argv[i][0]));
				if (!force_version) {
					fatal_error("'%c' is not a valid region character for the -r option\n", argv[i][0]);
				}
				break;
			case 's':
				i++;
				if (i >= argc) {
					fatal_error("-s must be followed by a savestate filename\n");
				}
				statefile = argv[i];
				break;
			case 't':
				force_no_terminal();
				break;
			case 'y':
				ym_log = 1;
				break;
			case 'h':
				info_message(
					"Usage: blastem [OPTIONS] ROMFILE [WIDTH] [HEIGHT]\n"
					"Options:\n"
					"	-h          Print this help text\n"
					"	-r (J|U|E)  Force region to Japan, US or Europe respectively\n"
					"	-f          Start in fullscreen mode\n"
					"	-g          Disable OpenGL rendering\n"
					"	-s FILE     Load a GST format savestate from FILE\n"
					"	-d          Enter debugger on startup\n"
					"	-n          Disable Z80\n"
					"	-v          Display version number and exit\n"
					"	-l          Log 68K code addresses (useful for assemblers)\n"
					"	-y          Log individual YM-2612 channels to WAVE files\n"
				);
				return 0;
			default:
				fatal_error("Unrecognized switch %s\n", argv[i]);
			}
		} else if (!loaded) {
			if (!(rom_size = load_rom(argv[i]))) {
				fatal_error("Failed to open %s for reading\n", argv[i]);
			}
			romfname = argv[i];
			loaded = 1;
		} else if (width < 0) {
			width = atoi(argv[i]);
		} else if (height < 0) {
			height = atoi(argv[i]);
		}
	}
	uint8_t menu = !loaded;
	if (!loaded) {
		//load menu
		romfname = tern_find_path(config, "ui\0rom\0").ptrval;
		if (!romfname) {
			romfname = "menu.bin";
		}
		if (romfname[0] == '/') {
			if (!(rom_size = load_rom(romfname))) {
				fatal_error("Failed to open UI ROM %s for reading", romfname);
			}
		} else {
			long fsize;
			cart = (uint16_t *)read_bundled_file(romfname, &fsize);
			if (!cart) {
				fatal_error("Failed to open UI ROM %s for reading", romfname);
			}
			rom_size = nearest_pow2(fsize);
			if (rom_size > fsize) {
				cart = realloc(cart, rom_size);
			}
		}
		//TODO: load relative to executable or from assets depending on platform

		loaded = 1;
	}
	char *m68k_divider = tern_find_path(config, "clocks\0m68k_divider\0").ptrval;
	if (!m68k_divider) {
		m68k_divider = "7";
	}
	MCLKS_PER_68K = atoi(m68k_divider);
	if (!MCLKS_PER_68K) {
		MCLKS_PER_68K = 7;
	}
	ram = malloc(RAM_WORDS * sizeof(uint16_t));
	memmap_chunk base_map[] = {
		{0xE00000, 0x1000000, 0xFFFF,   0, MMAP_READ | MMAP_WRITE | MMAP_CODE, ram,
		           NULL,          NULL,         NULL,            NULL},
		{0xC00000, 0xE00000,  0x1FFFFF, 0, 0,                                  NULL,
		           (read_16_fun)vdp_port_read,  (write_16_fun)vdp_port_write,
		           (read_8_fun)vdp_port_read_b, (write_8_fun)vdp_port_write_b},
		{0xA00000, 0xA12000,  0x1FFFF,  0, 0,                                  NULL,
		           (read_16_fun)io_read_w,      (write_16_fun)io_write_w,
		           (read_8_fun)io_read,         (write_8_fun)io_write}
	};
	tern_node *rom_db = load_rom_db();
	rom_info info = configure_rom(rom_db, cart, rom_size, base_map, sizeof(base_map)/sizeof(base_map[0]));
	byteswap_rom(rom_size);
	set_region(&info, force_version);
	update_title(info.name);
	int def_width = 0;
	char *config_width = tern_find_path(config, "video\0width\0").ptrval;
	if (config_width) {
		def_width = atoi(config_width);
	}
	if (!def_width) {
		def_width = 640;
	}
	width = width < 320 ? def_width : width;
	height = height < 240 ? (width/320) * 240 : height;
	uint32_t fps = 60;
	if (version_reg & 0x40) {
		fps = 50;
	}
	if (!headless) {
		render_init(width, height, title, fps, fullscreen);
	}

	genesis = alloc_init_genesis(&info, fps, (ym_log && !menu) ? YM_OPT_WAVE_LOG : 0);
	setup_saves(romfname, &info, genesis);
	if (menu) {
		menu_context = genesis;
	} else {
		genesis->m68k->options->address_log = address_log;
		game_context = genesis;
	}

	set_keybindings(genesis->ports);
	start_genesis(genesis, menu ? NULL : statefile, menu == debug_target ? debuggerfun : NULL);
	for(;;)
	{
		if (genesis->should_exit) {
			break;
		}
		if (menu && menu_context->next_rom) {
			if (game_context) {
				if (game_context->save_type != SAVE_NONE) {
					genesis = game_context;
					persist_save();
					genesis = menu_context;
				}
				free(game_context->cart);
				base_map[0].buffer = ram = game_context->work_ram;
			} else {
				base_map[0].buffer = ram = malloc(RAM_WORDS * sizeof(uint16_t));
			}
			memset(ram, 0, RAM_WORDS * sizeof(uint16_t));
			if (!(rom_size = load_rom(menu_context->next_rom))) {
				fatal_error("Failed to open %s for reading\n", menu_context->next_rom);
			}
			info = configure_rom(rom_db, cart, rom_size, base_map, sizeof(base_map)/sizeof(base_map[0]));
			byteswap_rom(rom_size);
			set_region(&info, force_version);
			update_title(info.name);
			if (!game_context) {
				//start a new arena and save old one in suspended genesis context
				genesis->arena = start_new_arena();
			} else {
				genesis->arena = set_current_arena(game_context->arena);
				mark_all_free();
				free_genesis(game_context);
			}
			//allocate new genesis context
			game_context = alloc_init_genesis(&info, fps, ym_log ? YM_OPT_WAVE_LOG : 0);
			menu_context->next_context = game_context;
			game_context->next_context = menu_context;
			setup_saves(menu_context->next_rom, &info, game_context);
			free(menu_context->next_rom);
			menu_context->next_rom = NULL;
			menu = 0;
			genesis = game_context;
			genesis->m68k->options->address_log = address_log;
			map_all_bindings(genesis->ports);
			start_genesis(genesis, statefile, menu == debug_target ? debuggerfun : NULL);
		} else if (menu && game_context) {
			genesis->arena = set_current_arena(game_context->arena);
			genesis = game_context;
			cart = genesis->cart;
			ram = genesis->work_ram;
			menu = 0;
			map_all_bindings(genesis->ports);
			resume_68k(genesis->m68k);
		} else if (!menu && menu_context) {
			genesis->arena = set_current_arena(menu_context->arena);
			genesis = menu_context;
			cart = genesis->cart;
			ram = genesis->work_ram;
			menu = 1;
			map_all_bindings(genesis->ports);
			resume_68k(genesis->m68k);
		} else {
			break;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}